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INTRODUCTION

THE TYPOLOGY is broken down into the links below:

I. IRANIANS, 1st Wave

NOTE: About the non-nomadic Iranians who came into conflict with the nomadic Iranians, starting with the Scythians, and listed as follows

Scythians (or Skythians or Scolotoi)

Dahae Confederation

Dahae "Proper"

Parni Tribe of the Dahae

Parthian Clan of the Parni Tribe

Suren Family of the Parthian Clan

Massagetae Confederation

Massagetae "Proper"

Sakas (or Sakae)

NOTE: About the "Western Sakas"

Haumavarga (or Amyrgians)

Tigraxuanda (or Orthocorybantians)

Apasiakoi

Khotanese

NOTE: About some Iranians who settled down to build the cities of the Silk Road

Chorasmians (or Khwarezms)

Sauromatians (or Sauromatae)

Sarmatians

"Royal" Sarmatians

Issedones

Urgi

Aorsi

Siraces (or Siraki)

Saii

Iazygians (or Jazyges)

Roxolani

NOTE: About the Germanic Ostrogoths

Alans (or Alani)

Yue-chi (or Yüeh-chih)

Greater Yue-chi (or Greater Yüeh-chih)

Kushans (or Kusana)

Lesser Yue-chi (or Lesser Yüeh-chih)

II. HUNS, 1st Wave

Tung-hu

Hsiung-nu (or Xiongnu)

Western Hsiung-nu

Eastern Hsiung-nu

Northern Hsiung-nu

Southern Hsiung-nu

NOTE: About the struggle between the Chinese and the Hsiung-nu for control of the cities of the Silk Road

White Huns (or Hephthalite or Ephthalite or Eastern Huns)

Red Huns (or Kidarites)

Black Huns (or Western Huns): (Included in the block of text about the Black Huns is a note about the administrative division of the Roman Empire.)

Kutrigers (or Kutrighurs)

Utigers (or Utrighurs)

NOTE: About Emperor Justinian of the Greek Christian Byzantine Empire

NOTE: About the Greek Christian Byzantine Empire

Sabirians (or Sabirs)

III. MONGOLS, 1st Wave:

Hsien-pi

Ju-juan (or Juan-juan or Rouran)

Avars

IV. HUNS, 2nd Wave:

Bulgars (or Bulghars)

Great Khanate Bulgars (or Magna Bulgaria or Palaia Bulgaria)

Black (or Inner) Bulgars

Volga (or Silver) Bulgars

Onogur (or Onoghur) Bulgars

Danube Bulgars

Khanate Bulgars

V. MAGYARS:

SPECIAL NOTE: About the Arabs

VI. IRANIANS, 2nd Wave

Saffarids

Samanids

VII. TURKS, 1st Wave:

Toba (or T'o-pa or Tabgatch)

Gök (or Blue or Heavenly or Celestial) Turks

Eastern Khanate

Western Khanate

NOTE: About the Turkic tribes that were offshoots from the Western Khanate of the Gök Turks

Türgish

Uighurs (or Uigurs or Uyghurs)

Karluks (or Qarluks or Qarluqs)

Sha-t'o

Kirghiz (or Kyrghyz)

Khazars

Pechenegs (or Petchenegs or Patzinaks)

Kimaks (or Kimeks)

Kipchaks (or Kipchaqs or Cumans)

Berendei

Karakhanids

Ghaznavids

Oghuz (or Ghuzz or Toghuz or Uzes or Torks or Torkils)

Seljuks (or Saljuks or Saljuqs)

Sultanate of Merv

Sultanate of Hamadan

Sultanate of Rum

Several other minor fragmentary Seljuk states

Many other miscellaneous Oghuz tribes

Zangids

Tatars

Empire of Khwarizm Shah (or Khorezmshah or simply "Khwarizm")

VIII. MONGOLS, 2nd Wave

Khitai (or Khitans or Kitans or Liao)

Karakhitai (or Karakitai or Qarakhitai or Kara-Khitans)

Jurchen (or Jurchets or Jurchid or Golden Tartars)

NOTE: About the Tibetan Tangut tribe

Oirats (or Uirats)

Merkits

Keraits (or Kerayits)

Jalayir (or Jalair)

Naimans

"Mongols Proper"

Manchus

IX. IRANIANS, 3rd Wave

Circassians (or Adyghe)

X. TURKS, 2nd Wave

Mamluks (or Mamelukes)

Ottoman Empire

Black Sheep Turks (or Qara Qoyunlu)

White Sheep Turks (or Aq Qoyunlu)

Uzbeks

Kazakhs

NOTE: About the Cossacks

NOTE: About the numerous minor Turkic states

MAPS

PICTURES

CARTOONS

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

AUTHOR'S BIOGRAPHY and CONTACT INFORMATION

LINKS


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